Color Theory is inspired by the spirit in which scientists and visual artists have studied color throughout the centuries. In 1671-72, Sir Isaac Newton discovered the origin of color by shining a beam of light through a prism, splitting it into the colors of a rainbow. Visual artists have used color theory to develop a body of knowledge about mixing pigments to create color combinations that provoke powerful emotional responses.
The PRISM Quartet's project uses color theory as a framework to explore the spectra that makes up instrumental sound by spurring the creation of a new body of music combining saxophones and percussion, including reconstructed Harry Partch instruments, originally built by the American composer/inventor from 1930-1972. Partch's "Instrumentariam" is full of fantastical, visually striking creations such as the eucal blossom, spoils of war, and cloud chamber bowls. The project pioneers new possibilities of orchestration and musical color with first-time instrumental pairings that represent enormous unexplored potential.
CONCERT PRISM and So Percussion premiere a new work by Steven Mackey and a new arrangement of Donnacha Dennehy's "The Pale." Mackey, who previously composed masterful works for both ensembles separately, creates the first major octet combining saxophone and percussion quartets. Dennehy's work is a musical imagining of the area encompassing Dublin called the Pale, where British rule was at its strongest in the 14th century. According to Dennehy, "they even protected this area with ditches and fences to keep the barbarous, thuggish Irish out - the great unwashed were, as the phrase became, 'beyond the pale.'" Also on the program: Bryce Dessner's "Music for Wood & Strings" and Hymn from Kati Agócs' "Coluratura."
ABOUT THE ARTISTS So Percussion: For over a decade, So Percussion has redefined the modern percussion ensemble as a flexible, omnivorous entity, pushing its voice to the forefront of American musical culture. Praised by the New Yorker for their "exhilarating blend of precision and anarchy, rigor and bedlam," So's adventurous spirit is written into the DNA passed down from composers like John Cage and Steve Reich, as well as from pioneering ensembles like the Kronos Quartet and Nexus Percussion. So Percussion's career now encompasses 16 albums, touring throughout the USA and around the world, a dizzying array of collaborative projects, several ambitious educational programs, and a steady output of their own music.
PRISM Quartet: Intriguing programs of great beauty and breadth have distinguished the PRISM Quartet as one of America's foremost chamber ensembles. Two-time winners of the Chamber Music America/ASCAP Award for Adventurous Programming, PRISM has been presented by Carnegie Hall, the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, and as soloists with the Detroit Symphony and Cleveland Orchestra. Champions of new music, PRISM has commissioned over 200 works, many by internationally celebrated Pulitzer Prize-winning composers. PRISM's discography includes fourteen recordings for the Albany, Innova, Koch, Naxos, New Dynamic, and New Focus labels. PRISM may also be heard on the soundtrack of the film Two Plus One and has been featured in the theme music to the weekly PBS news magazine "NOW." PRISM performs exclusively on Selmer saxophones and mouthpieces.
THE COMPOSER Steve Mackey: Color theory as a metaphor transposed to music is most easily described in terms of timbre - the spectra that make up an instrumental sound. I would not call myself a spectral composer because the forward moving and narrative potentials of music are my primary focus. However, my recent work has focused more and more on the manipulation of tonal spectra (overtones) to create new and different timbral objects that define the geography, topography and scenery through which the narrative journey passes.
It is precisely the notion of manipulation that interests me in the context of So Percussion and PRISM. The color of percussion instruments is marked by the immediate onset and quick decay of transient partials. These partials can be reinforced by the sustaining instruments of the sax quartet and make the colors of these instruments more vivid and palpable. The "distraction" caused by percussive attacks can also facilitate the replacement of realistic overtones with fantastical ones.
Most of my work to date deals with a more general sense of color, more in the realm of narrative and affect - dark/light mood. In this new work I imagine a dialogue between colorful, fantastical, static timbral objects and the syntactical, forward moving narrative elements. I also envision engaging the idea that white light is made up of all the colors of the rainbow in a musical metaphor creating dense, heterogeneous textures that delineate a bright, joyous state of beinga glorious cacophony.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This program is presented with generous support from from the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature; and the Alice M. Ditson Fund of Columbia University. Inc. PRISM Quartet, Inc. also receives generous support from the Amphion Foundation, New Music USA's Cary New Music Performance Fund, the Aaron Copland Fund for Music, Inc., and individual donors.
Steven Mackey's new work was commissioned by PRISM Quartet, Inc. with generous support from The Pew Center for Arts & Heritage.
509 Atlantic Avenue
Brookyn, PA 11217