Neoclassical Architecture in Greece: Architecture and Urbanism in an Age of Political Turmoil and Economic Austerity
Michael Lykoudis joins the Chicago ICAA to discuss how a new Greek national identity was created during the Nineteenth and early Twentieth Centuries with aspirations of modernity and prosperity in a period of great economic austerity and political turmoil. The architectural unity that evolved was a profound lesson in place-making for the world as a whole but especially for Greece, a new country whose citizens had just emerged from four centuries of cohabitation with the Ottoman Empire.
This unity was created by two forces: one top-down from the newly formed government of Greece that included a young king from Bavaria and a Danish, German and French architectural entourage. They brought with them a reinvented neoclassical ideal to its birthplace. The other was bottom-up force made up mostly of builders and developers self taught or trained in technical vocational schools. The result was the building of beautiful cities with an architectural and urban unity that redefine Greek culture and entry into the modern world.
The Francis and Kathleen Rooney Dean of the School of Architecture, Dean Lykoudis has served as professor of architecture at Notre Dame since 1991. A national and international leader in linking architectural tradition and classicism to urbanism and environmental issues, he has devoted his career to the building, study and promotion of traditional architecture and urbanism. His activities feature the organization of several major conferences that have been collaborations between Notre Dame and other organizations including the Classical Architecture League and the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art, A Vision of Europe and the Congress for New Urbanism. The conference and exhibition entitled "The Art of Building Cities," took place in 1995 at the Art Institute of Chicago and was the first event in this country to specifically link the practice of contemporary classicism with the new traditional urbanism. An exhibition and conference titled "The Other Modern," took place in Bologna, Italy in 2000, and a conference titled "Three Generations of Classical Architects: The Renewal of Modern Architecture" was held in October 2005 at Notre Dame. He has lectured at universities around the country and abroad as well as to professional and civic organizations. He is a member of INBAU. A graduate of Cornell University, Dean Lykoudis earned his Master's degree from the University of Illinois' joint business administration and architecture program. Prior to joining the Notre Dame faculty, he worked as a project designer and architect for firms in Florida, Greece, Connecticut and New York. He has directed his own practice since 1983 in Athens, and Stamford, Conn. and now in South Bend, Ind.
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